This lightweight, nonwoven material can be draped directly onto the plants or tented over the row, supported by wire hoops. Every dollar contributed enables us to keep providing high-quality how-to help to people like you. Last Updated: May 19, 2020 Water well, pour 1 to 2 cups of compost around each plant, and firm the soil gently. This past summer, Skolnik said, he grew a Black Beauty eggplant … Latin Solanum melogena Family: Solanaceae. He is a Organic Gardening Consultant and Founder of Grow-It-Organically, a website that teaches clients and students the ins and outs of organic vegetable gardening. These tiny hoppers make minuscule holes in leaves of nightshade family plants – potatoes, tomatoes, and wild hosts like horse nettle and jimsonweed – but eggplant is their favorite food. Choose an area with abundant sunlight and fertile, well-drained soil. However, don’t forget to place the container outdoors in the sunny spot otherwise your growth will be affected. Full sun. Start eggplant seeds indoors 6-9 weeks before the last frost is expected. Companions. To grow eggplant, start by planting your seeds 6 to 9 weeks before the last frost is expected. How to Grow Chinese Eggplants. Keep transplanting your seedlings into larger pots as you wait for both outdoor air and soil to warm up to at least 70 degrees. The Japanese/Asian eggplants are an excellent choice for container gardening. For starters, you’ll need to prepare the soil and choose the variety of eggplant you’d like to plant. How to Grow Eggplant From Seed To get ahead start on the eggplant growing season, try growing eggplant from seed. Growing eggplant from seed requires some care, but it is worth the effort because there is a huge variety you can buy in seed form, while nurseries often carry only a few types. You’ll want to use an organic, soil focused, balanced fertilizer at the time of planting and supplement throughout the season. A semi-tropical plant; cannot tolerate frost. Frost tolerant. Continue to keep your eggplant seedlings moist as they grow for the next eight to ten weeks. Every day at wikiHow, we work hard to give you access to instructions and information that will help you live a better life, whether it's keeping you safer, healthier, or improving your well-being. Pick when the skins are still shiny and the fruit is firm. Eggplants require at least 1 inch of water per week, especially once fruits begin to grow. Do not plant eggplants near fennel. This video I conduct experiment on how can eggplant grow from cutting. Harvesting and storage. It’s only real pest is the black flea beetle, which are said to not trouble eggplants that are grown at least a foot and a half off the ground, meaning patio containers and raised beds are the perfect place to grow eggplant. There are 17 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Eggplants are heavy feeders. The Japanese eggplants are my personal … Introduction of Eggplant Growing. When planting eggplant, be sure to add a structural support when planting. A semi-tropical plant; cannot tolerate frost. Your support helps wikiHow to create more in-depth illustrated articles and videos and to share our trusted brand of instructional content with millions of people all over the world. Insert the stakes right away after transplanting your seedlings to avoid disturbing the soil later on. Avoid it by planting resistant cultivars and by rotating crops. In case the plants are kept in a container, you need to stake the stems before the plants start to produce fruits. Position. If the weather is hot, you may need to water more than once per day to keep the soil moist. Seedlings can be transplanted to the garden in about two months, or they can be grown to maturity in a large container. Eggplant Growing (Brinjal): The following content is all about Eggplant growing. 6. Eggplant Growing Guide Crop Rotation Group. Due to their long growing season, if you planted them in March, you cannot expect to harvest them until around September. Be sure to keep eggplants warm and watered to ensure their healthy growth. In this growing guide we will be talking all about eggplants! Europe was introduced to the vegetable in the 8th century via the Moors, who brought it to Spain, Sicily, and southern France via North Africa. What Kind of Conditions Do Eggplant Plants Thrive In? Keep the soil moist. Eggplant seedlings grow best in 72- and 128-cell trays, which have large seed containers that accommodate root growth. Lift the row covers to water your eggplants, and remove them completely when it's time to harvest. Now, growing eggplants from the seeds are the trickiest part. Eggplant seeds germinate in 5 to 6 days. When the first set of flowers emerge, pinch them off. A classic eggplant is deep purple and pear-shaped, but when you grow your own, you can try a cornucopia of other colors and shapes, from elongated lavender-and-white Fairy Tale to the round, violet-blushed Rosa Bianca. Water: Once established, eggplants can tolerate dry conditions. Germinating Eggplant Seeds . Step 1 Spread 2 to 3 inches of compost or manure on the garden soil and dig it in. Once the outdoor temperature reaches 70 degrees Fahrenheit, you can plant your eggplant seedlings outside. Eggplants will keep for two weeks if refrigerated. Native to India, where it grows wild, it has been cultivated in Southeast Asia for thousands of years. As a result, you may wish to plant only one eggplant per pot. If you cut open an eggplant fruit and find that the seeds inside have turned brown, the fruit is past prime quality and the flavor may be bitter. We may earn commission from links on this page, but we only recommend products we back. This article has been viewed 16,865 times. To keep plants upright and fruit clean and intact, stalk plants with bamboo poles. Tiny spider mites cause yellow-stippled leaves; control these pests by knocking them off the plant with a spray of water. Major pests. If you don’t, you risk the plant tipping over from the weight of the fruit. San Diego reader Don Skolnik wrote to our SoCal Garden Clinic to ask if eggplant can be grown as a perennial. Stake and cage them early. Soil: Eggplants grow best in a well-drained soil that is relatively high in organic matter. Cover the plants if there are low temperatures in the forecast. Mulch immediately after transplanting, and gently hand pull any invading … Sow seeds indoors in flats 6-8 weeks before the date of the last frost. Thin plants after 2-3 true leaves have formed. Flea beetles, which chew many tiny holes in leaves, are eggplant's worst pest. Eggplant is a very unique plant for most home gardens and probably one of the lesser grown vegetables. For the best results, fill a seed tray with a non-soil growing medium, like vermiculite or compost. From midsummer onward, drench with a liquid feed every two weeks. How to Grow Eggplant – pixabay.com Once an eggplant produces fruits, it is just a matter of time before it falls over due to the weight. The ideal temperature for eggplant is 30-degree Celsius or 86 Fahrenheit. The soil must be kept warm to ensure germination. Spacing Requirements: Sow eggplant seeds ½ inch deep. Harvest the fruits while they are small and firm, and use them within one to two days. Soak seeds overnight to encourage germination; sow them ¼ inch deep in a loose, fine medium, such as vermiculite. Eggplants should not be re-planted outdoors until the temperature is at least 70 °F (21 °C). To grow eggplants from cuttings, first take your cuttings from existing plants at the end of the growing season and start them indoors. It is native to India. There are countless varieties of eggplant you might consider growing. Follow along with this handy How to Grow Eggplants Guide and grow food. Lebanese eggplants grow 3 to 4 feet high and may be grown in containers, as well as in a traditional vegetable garden. As a warm weather crop, eggplant is very sensitive to cold. Sowing depth: 5 - 10 mm. Aim to germinate the seeds 6-9 weeks before the last frost of the year is predicted. Do not wash or cut in advance to avoid damaging the skin, which will quickly perish … To help you get started on growing eggplant, follow these steps and tips: 1. Why trust us? Start eggplant inside 3-4 weeks before the last frost. Plant eggplants in rich soil with full sun, with protection from winds. In windy exposed areas, support eggplants with stakes to avoid broken stems. Eggplant Growing Guide Crop Rotation Group. Ideal Growing Conditions for Eggplant. Eggplant is one of the easiest vegetables to grow because very little plagues it. 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