APUSH: Chapter 33 - C and D (Collins) 30 terms. APUSH CHAPTER 25 FDR ; Eleanor Roosevelt ; Hundred Days ; relief, recovery, reform ; fireside chats ; Second (Economic) Bill of Rights FDR-Born at family estate at Hyde Park, New York; raised in a wealthy family. specialists in law, economics, and welfare, many of them young university professors, who advised President Franklin D. Roosevelt and helped develop the policies of the New Deal, the economic and political policies of Franklin Roosevelt's administration in the 1930s, which aimed to solve the problems of the Great Depression by providing relief for the unemployed and launching efforts to stimulate economic recovery; the New Deal built on reforms of the progressive era to expand greatly an American-style welfare state, (1933); the first hundred days of Franklin D. Roosevelt's administration, stretching from March 9 to June 16, 1933, when an unprecedented number of reform bills were passed by A Democratic Congress to launch the New Deal, 1933); a law creating the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, which insured individual bank deposits and ended a century-long tradition of unstable baking that had reached a crisis in the Great Depression, (1933); a government program created by Congress to hire young unemployed men to improve the rural, out-of-doors environment with such work as planting trees, fighting fires, draining swamps, and maintaining national parks; the CCC proved to be an important foundation fro the post-World War II environmental movement, (1933); known by its critics as the "National Run Around," the NRA was an early New Deal program designed to assist industry, labor, and the unemployed though centralized planning mechanisms that monitored workers' earnings and working hours to distribute work and established codes for "fair competition" to ensure that similar procedures were followed by all firms in any particular industrial sector, Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA), (1933); a New Deal program designed to raise agricultural prices by paying farmers not to farm; it was based on the assumption that higher prices would increase farmers' purchasing power and thereby help alleviate the Great Depression, grim nickname for the Great Plains region devasted by drought and dust storms during the 1930s; the disaster led to the migration into California of thousands of displaced "Okies" and "Arkies", (1933); one of the most revolutionary of the New Deal public works projects, the TVA brought cheap electric power, full employment, low-cost housing, and enviromental improvements to Americans in the Tennessee Valley, (1935); a flagship accomplishment of the New Deal, this law provided for unemployment and old-age insurance financed by a payroll tax on employers and employees; it has long remained a pillar of the "New Deal Order", (1935); also known as the National Labor Relations Act, this law protected the right of labor to organize in unions and bargain collectively with employers and established the National Labor Relations Board to monitor unfair labor practices on the part of employers; its passage marked the culmination of decades of labor protest, (1938); important New Deal labor legislation that regulated minimum wages and maximum hours for workers involved in interstate commerce; the law also outlawed labor by children under sixteen; the exclusion of agricultural, service, and domestic workers meant that many blacks, Mexican Americans, and women--who were concentrated in these sectors--did not benefit from the act's protection, Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO), a New Deal-era labor organization that broke away from the American Federation of Labor (AFL) in order to organize unskilled industrial workers regardless of their particular economic sector of craft; the CLO gave a great boost to labor organizing in the midst of the Great Depression and during World War II; In 1955, the CLO merged with the AFL, (1937); Franklin Roosevelt's politically motivated and ill-fated scheme to add a new justice to the Supreme Court for every member over seventy who would not retire; his objective was to overcome the Court's objections to New Deal reforms, an economic theory based on the thoughts of British economist John Maynard Keynes, holding that central banks should adjust interest rates and government should use deficit spending and tax polices to increase purchasing power and hence prosperity, often referred to by his initials FDR, was the thirty-second President of the United States; elected to four terms in office, he served from 1933 to 1945, and is the only U.S. president to have served more than two terms of office; he was a central figure of the 20th century during a time of worldwide economic crisis and world war, FDR's Wife and New Deal supporter; was a great supporter of civil rights and opposed the Jim Crow laws; she also worked for birth control and better conditions for working women, A New York social worker who headed the Federal Emergency Relief Administration and Civil Works Administration; helped grant over 3 billion dollars to the states wages for work projects, and granted thousands of jobs for jobless Americans, the Catholic priest from Michigan Whose anti-New Deal harangues in the 1930's became so anti- ematic, fascist, and demagogic that he was silenced by his superiors, retired physician who devised plans for senior citizens to receive pensions, Louisiana Senator who opposed FDR's New Deal and came up with a , "Share the Wealth" wants to give $5k to all families, secretary of labor, 1st woman cabinet member, born into a poor South Carolina family, but was determined to get an education; she later became a teacher and started a school for African-American students, responsible for the passage of some of the most important legislation enacted through the New Deal; The National Labor Relations Act of 1935 was popularly known as the Wagner Act in honor of the senator; he also played a major role in the National Industrial Recovery Act of 1933 and the Wagner-Steagall Housing Act of 1937. 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