Kinship and Skin Names. This is a gift from the groom or his family to the bride's family, often in livestock but sometimes in money or other forms of wealth. Answers (1). In double-descent systems, every individual belongs to the patrilineal group of the father and the matrilineal group of the mother. The women worked, caring for the house, the crops, the children. (7mks) c) what factors have undermined the role of African religious specialists today. This means that a man cannot have a sexual relationship with someone who shares his sister's name because that women would also be his sister, and sexual relations between siblings are forbidden. Answers (1). Kinship is possibly the most important of all human relationships. (i) They safeguard the community's traditions and customs. (iii) They determine punishment for the offenders. 9505-KIN . Importance . Some women are raising children apart from the traditional family frameworks. In one type of descent group—the lineage—all members know, or believe they know, their exact relationships to one another. Strong feeling of loyalty to the group. ... griots were important in african society because they were african messengers. Kinship is thus brought with it a set of obligations that one had to perform when relating to others. produces new dimensions of African traditional religion. Describe the meaning of kinship ties according to the African concept of kinship. Primary and High School Exams in Kenya With Marking Schemes. Although many sociologists and anthropologists have attempted to provide definitions of marriage, none of them has been satisfactorily and sufficiently general enough to encompass all its various manifestations. This and other aspects of patrilineal social organization can be found among the ARABS, BERBERS, and other Islamic peoples of North Africa. In certain cultures men traditionally go to live with their mothers' brothers, while women move to their husbands' villages. 5. (5mks) Revision CRE Paper 1 313/1 Revision CRE Paper 1 313/1 Early anthropologists assumed kinship was of paramount importance. Kinship is important to a person and a community's well-being. This trend sometimes means that nuclear families are growing farther from their kinship networks. Mins. paper by . A connection among people by blood, marriage, or adoption. But bilateral kin groups do exist among some African peoples who live on hunting and gathering. Where marital taboo exists decides who can marry whom. Monogamy is further supported by the ability of men to marry earlier than they could in traditional society because of employment and income opportunities in the modern sector. Thus the men remain together, while the women through whom they trace descent are spread among the population. Significance of a kinship? Kinship refers to the culturally defined relationships between individuals who are commonly thought of as having family ties. •The resulting units are called unilineal descent groups, either patrilineages or matrilineages according to the prevailing descent rule. Workers understanding of the concepts of ‘family’ and ‘kinship’ It is important for Workers to have an understanding of the concepts of ‘family’ and ‘kinship’ as they exist for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. Comparing the . What is the meaning of life and its wholeness in the traditional society? (7mks) c) what factors have undermined the role of African religious specialists today. Kinship groups formed the government of many African societies. Because different societies define kinship differently, they also set the rules governing kinship, which are sometimes legally defined and sometimes implied. 6. (8mks) b) State the roles of diviners in Traditional African Societies. Kinship and marriage are closely linked in several ways. Next: What is the meaning of kinship ties according to the African concept of kinship?Previous: What are the factors contributing to harmony and mutual responsibility in African communities? In the berdache, a man might assume both the dress and the role of a woman, often "marrying" another man. There is no award you receive for being the best family member but if you are from any part of Nigeria and you don't have ‘family' there, you will feel very odd and out of place. Social and geographic mobility, soaring divorce rates, and nontraditional family forms have produced social networks based more on voluntary ties than on traditional bonds of blood and marriage. The good of the group comes ahead of the good of the individual. They may, for example, believe that they share a common ancestor but be unable to trace all the links from their own lineages to that ancestor. The traditional African understanding and the interpretation of Christianity have deep roots in these fundamental beliefs of the African traditional religions. Patrilineal descent is common among pastoral societies. There were several reasons for this assumption. These avoidance rules applied to both blood and class relatives. 1. Anthropologists who study kinship have identified four major types of descent: patrilineal, matrilineal, double, and bilateral. However, there is a great amount of variability in kinship rules and patterns around the … Kinship decides who can marry with whom and where marital relationships are taboo. Date posted: August 29, 2017. In this respect, North African and sub-Saharan societies differ widely. Importance of kinship is observed on the occasion of marriage and family functions. Feeding of the baby symbolized new life growth. 2. 1Editor’s note: See the comments on this article in … American birth rights are usually decided bilineally, using both parents 5. Pierre Bourdieu, Levi Strauss and Evans Pritchard are some of the theorists, who have constructed various theories on the basis of kinship relations. It includes a network of responsibilities, privileges, and support in which individuals and families are expected to fill certain roles. What is the responsibility of the living towards spirits? Members of a kinship group felt strong loyalty to each other. KINSHIP SYSTEM IN AFRICAN COMMUNITIES. All land is owned by the group. Importance of Kinship in Rural Society: It is important to study kinship, as it helps in sociological and anthropological theory building. 7. The Spirit of Ancestors in African Traditional Religion How the spirits of ancestors can be a blessing or harmful and The Power and importance of ancestors in African traditional society Ancestors in African Traditional religion are very important in that they were once alive and now they are in the spirit and they do not die again. Extended ties of kinship remain a vital part of life in contemporary Africa. The kinship system was important in the traditional African society because of the following fac to rs. Such ties often extend outside the village or community, offering certain advantages. A family is the first social community in the life of any person or group of persons. Importance . Be the first to answer! Kinship, system of social organization based on real or putative family ties. paper by . It is from this that an individual attaches and understands the values of culture, assimilates the first social roles and acquires the experience of social behavior. The traditional approach of indigenous African religions to gender is one of complementarity in which a confluence of male and female forces must operate in harmony. In traditional African society the child intuitively jumps, climbs a tree, dances or performs a balancing act because his siblings or his elders do the same. In some groups the opposite relationship occurs, with a boy's father's sister—his aunt—seen as an authority figure called the “female father.” The Tsonga (Thonga) of Mozambique and the Nama of Namibia are some of the best examples of groups that practice the avunculate, although neither group follows the custom as closely as it did in the past. Marriage Family and Kinship. What is the relevance of Elijah's prophetic mission to Christians today? A cursory review of the literature suggests that the concept of traditional counseling is rooted in traditional … Kinship act as a watchdog of social life. It involves a set of social obligations and expectations that ensures that no one faces tragedy alone. Deep respect for ancestors. Is Kinship Important Still? The traditional African understanding and the interpretation of Christianity have deep roots in these fundamental beliefs of the African traditional religions. (ii) Marriage leads to procreation and passing on the gift of life from one generation to another. Contrasting Cultures . This chapter discusses the theoretical perspective of traditional counseling from an African context. In southern Africa, where the avunculate is common, a boy's uncle on his mother's side may be called his “male mother” in recognition of this special link. In traditional African society, men guarded the home and the cattle, or went to war. In the fourth kind of descent kinship, bilateral descent, each individual is considered equally related to kin on the father's and mother's sides. 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